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Uterine Fibroid Embolization

The uterus is a female reproductive organ located in the pelvis. Some women can form one or more benign tumors known as leiomyomas or fibroids in their uterus. These tumors can cause frequent, heavy periods, pelvic heaviness/pain, and/or constipation. Sometimes, these tumors can be treated by removing the tumor directly or the uterus in its entirety. Alternatively, Interventional Radiologists at HRA can help our gynecology colleagues shrink the fibroids and treat the symptoms by blocking the blood flow to the uterus.

First, using ultrasound and x-ray guidance, a small needle is used to enter the artery of the leg or wrist. Then, small catheters and wires are used to find the arteries that supply the uterus. Finally, plastic beads are slowly injected to block blood flow to the tumor and cause it to die.

The procedure has a low risk of bleeding, infection, and damage to nearby organs. It is usually performed for outpatients, who may stay in the hospital overnight for observation or may return home, depending on their preferences.

Doctors performing Fibroid Embolization

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